Lorain County is located in northern Ohio and covers 493 square miles, with its northern border lying on Lake Erie. The county has grown in recent years, as residents of nearby Cleveland in Cuyahoga County have moved to Lorain and surrounding counties to escape the busyness of the city. Lorain County’s population increased by five percent over ten years, reaching a peak of 296,307 residents in 2005. Elyria is the county seat and the second largest community in the county, with 55,953 residents in 2000. The county averages 577 residents per square mile.
Lorain County is overwhelmingly rural, with only seven percent of the county being considered urban. Most residents earn their livings by working in manufacturing, sales, or service positions. Farming ranks eighth as a form of occupation. Some county residents also earn their livings on Lake Erie, working in the city of Lorain’s harbor, sending products across the Great Lakes and around the world. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, steel was a major industry in Lorain County.
Ohio Governor Myron T. Herrick was born in the county. Scientist Charles Martin Hall and artist Archibald M. Willard were also Lorain County residents.